Multiple associations between periodontal disease and systemic diseases such as diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular pathologies, stroke, respiratory infections, low birth weight infants and rheumatoid arthritis have been demonstrated in the scientific literature.
Recently, an association has been found between chronic periodontitis and age-related macular degeneration. It has also been recently discovered that oxidative stress during pregnancy can cause alterations during pregnancy in mothers suffering from periodontitis and uncontrolled. It has also been associated with preeclampsia, one of the complications of pregnancy.
Diabetes mellitus and periodontitis are chronic and bidirectional diseases. It is increasingly found in the scientific literature that chronic infections such as periodontitis may increase the risk of developing diabetes and alter the glycemic control of patients with this pathology.
It should also be noted that patients with periodontal disease are at increased risk of stroke and myocardial infarction. Controlling periodontal disease would attenuate this pathology.
With regard to rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune chronic inflammatory disease, there are several studies that correlate the aggravation of arthritis in patients with uncontrolled periodontal disease, so they are advised to visit the dentist to check their gums. Periodontitis bacteria have also been associated with the development of Alzheimer’s disease.
What are the symptoms of periodontal disease?
The main symptoms are bleeding, gum pain, bad taste and odor in the mouth, suppuration, tooth mobility, recurrent abscesses, variation in the position of the teeth, food packing, etc.
It is very important to maintain good oral hygiene and regular check-ups at the dentist every 6 months, where you will go through a personalized maintenance program.