Pediatric Neurosurgery: main pathologies and reasons for consultation

The main pathologies treated by pediatric neurosurgery are craniofacial or spinal malformations (craniosynostosis, spina bifida…), hydrocephalus (accumulation of fluid in the brain cavities) and brain and spinal cord tumors. Classification of infantile neurological pathologies: congenital or acquired The most frequent congenital neurological pathologies are cranio-spinal malformations, hydrocephalus due to genetic alterations and some tumors. However, … Read more

Craniosynostosis, causes and treatment

What is craniosynostosis and what causes it? Craniosynostosis is a group of diseases, congenital malformations, which consist of premature closure of the sutures of the skull bones. The cranial sutures are a series of fibrous joints that fundamentally allow the deformation of the skull to pass through the birth canal and in the first year … Read more

Everything you need to know about sacroiliitis

Sacroiliitis is an inflammation or malfunction of the sacroiliac joint, resulting in low back pain. In fact, it is estimated that between 15 and 20% of all low back pain diagnosed has its origin in this joint and not in the lumbar spine. This is why it is essential to correctly identify that the problem … Read more

Nervous system tumors

The Cerebral and Vertebral Neurosurgery Unit of the Ruber Hospital on Juan Bravo Street in Madrid, under the direction of Dr. Hugo Santos, has been treating tumoral pathology of the nervous system since 1987. This Unit has experienced the advances of modern neurosurgery, applying the most avant-garde techniques, both for diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation in … Read more

What are the most frequent lesions due to spinal tumor pathology?

The tumor pathology of the spine is divided into two: The one associated with the bony skeleton: metastases, hemangiomas…. That associated with the neurological tissue: meningiomas, neurinomas, ependymomas… When assessing the pathology, two different points of view will be taken into account: The neurological situation since it may be producing tumors with progressive neurological deficits. … Read more

Lumbar Discectomy

Lumbar discectomy is the main technique in the surgical treatment of lumbar disc herniation. It consists of the removal of the portion of the herniated intervertebral disc, that is to say, the disc fragment that has moved into the spinal canal, compressing the nerves. The process is performed by minimally invasive techniques, Microsurgery or Endoscopy. … Read more

Discover the many causes of hydrocephalus and the symptoms it can cause

Hydrocephalus is an excessive accumulation of Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF), which manifests itself in the abnormal dilation of spaces known as brain ventricles. This causes detrimental pressure in the brain, which is usually treated with a shunt system or catheter with a valve. However, the neurosurgeon will indicate the best treatment in each case. What is … Read more

Multiple causes of hydrocephalus

The term hydrocephalus comes from two Latin words: hydro, meaning water, and cephalus, meaning head. Hydrocephalus describes an abnormal increase in the fluid that fills and floats the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) under normal conditions. This fluid is known as cerebrospinal fluid (abbreviated as CRF). Types of hydrocephalus There are different types … Read more

Spine and spinal cord tumors

One in ten primary tumors of the central nervous system are intrathecal. Most of these primary spinal tumors are benign, which is not true of intracranial tumors. Types of spinal and intrathecal tumors There are three groups of spinal and intrathecal tumors, classified: Extradural: these account for more than half of all tumors. They originate … Read more

Do you know the pathologies associated with the spine?

Dr. Rossi, a specialist in Neurosurgery, explains the most frequent pathologies in the lumbar spine and what the treatment for each one of them consists of. Spinal instability This is known as the “loss of capacity of the spinal column, under physiological loads, to maintain the relationships between the vertebrae, in such a way as … Read more