Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP): symptoms and treatment

ITP is a bleeding disorder in which the immune system destroys platelets that are necessary for normal blood clotting. People with the disease have too few platelets in their blood, usually below 50,000/mm3. This pathology is also called immune thrombocytopenic purpura. How it occurs and risk factors for ITP Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura develops when certain … Read more

Diagnosis of Hodgkin’s Disease: Types of Lymphoma

The American Joint Commission on Cancer recognizes two main categories of Hodgkin’s lymphoma: classical Hodgkin’s lymphoma, which is divided into 4 subtypes based on the appearance of the cells, and nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Classical Hodgkin lymphoma (HCL) This is the most frequent type of Hodgkin’s lymphoma, occurring in about 95% of cases. It is … Read more

Multiple Myeloma, what is it?

Multiple Myeloma (MM) is a tumor characterized by an abundance of abnormal plasma cells within the bone marrow, which lodge inside the bones of the skull, spine, rib cage, pelvis, the areas near the shoulders and hips. Plasma cells are a type of white blood cell less than 5% in size that produce immunoglobulins, proteins … Read more

Thalassemia vs. Iron Deficiency Anemia

Thalassemia is a type of anemia that causes a decrease in hemoglobin levels. This makes the red blood cells fragile and short-lived. It should not be confused with iron deficiency anemia, as thalassemia is usually not iron deficient. Thalassemia: what it is Thalassemia is a type of congenital and hereditary anemia that is very common … Read more

Hodgkin’s Lymphoma: How to Identify it

Hodgkin’s lymphoma is a lymphatic cancer. Because lymphatic tissue is found in numerous parts of the body, Hodgkin’s disease can originate almost anywhere but usually occurs in the lymph nodes in the upper body such as the chest, neck or armpits. This cancer generates a widening of the lymphatic tissue, which can cause pressure on … Read more

Megaloblastic Anemia: symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

Megaloblastic anemia causes, like any anemic process, a decrease in red blood cells. The main cause, in most cases, is due to a deficiency of vitamin B12 and/or folic acid, essential vitamins for the maturation of red blood cells. It is important to prevent risk factors and diagnose it correctly for proper treatment. Megaloblastic anemia: … Read more

Present and Future of Hemophilia

Hemophilia is an inherited disease due to a genetic alteration, linked to the X chromosome, which produces a deficit of blood clotting factor. This causes people with hemophilia to suffer internal or external bleeding. Prompt and effective treatment will decrease the damage to the organ or joint. What is Hemophilia The term Hemophilia comes from … Read more

How to diagnose and treat Myelodysplastic Syndrome

In addition to the basic blood and bone marrow studies (morphology, blood count and immunophenotype) to be performed in any hematological disease by the hematology expert, cytogenetic studies (to detect specific chromosomal abnormalities) and molecular studies (to detect specific gene alterations) are essential to typify and classify the disease, since certain genetic or molecular alterations … Read more