Flat feet, what are they?

What is the pathology of flat feet? We usually speak of flat feet when there is a decrease in the height of the longitudinal arch of the sole of the foot. In general it is accompanied by an outward deviation of the heel (what we call talo valgus) and for this reason it is usually … Read more

15% of adults have flat feet

Flat feet are characterized by a decrease in the plantar arch that is often associated with a valgus of the posterior area of the foot (valgus flat feet). It is common in children due to joint laxity, overweight or family history. In most cases, these are flexible, non-painful feet that are considered variants of normal. … Read more

Childhood Sports Injuries

Practicing sports is always a recommendable activity, since it contributes to a child’s good health. However, certain recommendations should be taken into account to avoid injuries. The practice of sports is highly recommended in childhood and adolescence, since it contributes to the development of a good state of health and to the prevention of certain … Read more

Children’s Traumatology for Musculoskeletal Disorders

Children’s Traumatology, also called Children’s Orthopedics or Children’s Orthopedic Surgery, is a subspecialty of Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders in children and adolescents, i.e., the growing patient. In childhood, bones and muscles are in continuous growth and development, and therefore orthopedic problems are different from those … Read more

Knock knees or X-legs

We use the term knock knees or genu valgum to refer to the posture in which, when the knees touch, the ankles are separated from each other. The legs thus acquire a symmetrical X-shaped appearance, a posture typical of children between 3 and 5 years of age and often accompanied by a flat-footed appearance. But … Read more

Development of the legs in children

Children develop the posture of their legs throughout their early years, but it is necessary to know when it is within the normal range and when it is necessary to consult an expert. To do this we must define what we call angular pattern, understood as the appearance of the lower extremities of children when … Read more

Caring for bones during infancy

During childhood, many children suffer from musculoskeletal problems. As children’s bones are growing, they are very susceptible to traumatic injuries, especially in the growing areas. The most serious injuries are fractures, especially of the wrist and elbow. In the case of the newborn, hip dislocation must be ruled out, and during growth, problems of abnormal … Read more