Dental management of oncology patients

Current oncological treatments (surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, bisphosphonates, etc.) can bring about important changes in the structures of the mouth. Mucositis (inflammation and erosions in the form of aphthous ulcers), infections (by viruses and bacteria as well as fungi), xerostomia or dry mouth, caries and, occasionally, destruction of bone tissue are frequent. Also the presence of areas of inflammation, pain, canker sores, misalignment of dental prostheses, difficulty in eating…

Techniques used

Before starting the oncological treatment, an initial evaluation of the oral-dental health is carried out, with the help -if necessary- of radiological explorations. We evaluate the state of the gums, the ligaments that hold the teeth in place, if there are cavities, how the fillings are, etc.

At that first moment and, given the urgency with which oncological treatments usually have to begin, only the dental procedures that we consider a priority are carried out. The patient is also instructed on the most appropriate oral hygiene measures in each case.

Oncological dentistry

We work in three different areas. Firstly, we work on prevention, detecting early suspicious lesions of malignancy in regular dental check-ups. During oncological treatments, by implementing measures to minimize the discomfort and complications that these can bring with them. Finally, after oncological treatments, we work on the rehabilitation and recovery of dental functionality and esthetics that allow patients to have a better quality of life.

Nowadays it is not possible to understand the work related to Health Sciences, and especially oncology, without a multidisciplinary approach. We collaborate closely with oncologists, surgeons, radiotherapists, staff of the Day Hospital and the Oncoayuda Foundation. We hold regular clinical sessions in which we address the clinical problems of patients and update them on the latest scientific advances in cancer treatment.