Presbyopia treatment, one of the greatest challenges in ophthalmology

The fight against aging is one of the characteristics of our society and in this line would be presbyopia or eyestrain.

The fact of having to wear glasses up close denotes a certain age, in addition to the inconvenience it entails for the practice of sports or other activities, something that can become a real problem for a large group of people.

What are the causes of presbyopia?

The causes of presbyopia have many nuances, but in general we can say that it is due to the aging process of the structures related to the focusing mechanisms, accommodation.

With age, the natural lens of the eye, the crystalline lens, loses elasticity, its volume increases and the macula-tendinous structure that regulates its shape and power loses effectiveness, that is to say, presbyopia is a multifactorial process.

Treatment for presbyopia

At present, we cannot say that there is a single fully effective treatment with maximum safety (the origin is multifactorial) but, those of us who are dedicated to treating presbyopia, we can say that in most cases there is a treatment that can be very effective and safe for each person, even for those who have previously undergone surgery for myopia, hyperopia or astigmatism.

The therapeutic possibilities are very varied as well as the requirements of the patients, the ophthalmologist must analyze the needs of each individual, the state of their eyes and even their general condition and, with this, decide which is the best option or the combination of several of them.

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A presbyopia specialist must be an expert in very different areas of ophthalmology, from pharmacology to manage the eye drops that can help your treatment. Multifocal contact lenses and visual exercise therapies, to surgical techniques such as laser and intraocular lenses and more recently corneal and scleral implants, all of which require a very experienced ophthalmologist with the necessary instruments to be able to perform the appropriate analysis for each individual and finally be able to establish an accurate treatment.

These conditions explain why there are still no specific centers to treat presbyopia, not so much because there are no treatments, but because there are few ophthalmologists who master all the techniques and because the cost of machinery and personnel for diagnosis and treatment are high.