Irritable Bowel

What is irritable bowel?

Irritable bowel, also known as irritable bowel syndrome, is a functional disorder of the large intestine.

What are the symptoms?

Irritable bowel is characterized by abnormal movements in the muscles of the bowel, resulting in discomfort and abnormal bowel function, as well as alternating constipation and diarrhea.

It also presents with abdominal pain, gas, fullness and changes in bowel habits.

Irritable bowel or irritable bowel is characterized by abnormal movements in the muscles of the intestine.

Causes of irritable bowel

Irritable bowel is often associated with stress-related problems, although it has been shown that stress is not the cause of irritable bowel, but only increases its effects.

Its causes are not clear, although it may occur after an intestinal infection.

On the other hand, this condition is often confused with inflammatory bowel disease which, unlike irritable bowel, is characterized by an abnormal structure of the colon.

Can it be prevented?

This pathology can be prevented by maintaining an adequate diet (meals low in fat and rich in protein and fiber).

On the other hand, drinking between 1.5 and 2 liters of water a day can help reduce irritation, as well as prevent constipation and facilitate the movement of food.

Another recommended routine is exercise, since it improves intestinal motility.

What does the treatment consist of?

For the diagnosis of irritable bowel or colon it is necessary to rule out other types of diseases based on its symptoms and, although there is no cure, being a chronic ailment, it is recommended to follow a series of recommendations in order to alleviate the symptoms: reduce stress, avoid foods that contribute to increase its effects (such as caffeine, tea, fats, fried foods, alcohol and carbonated beverages, among others). To reduce anxiety, for example, regular exercise and improved sleep habits are recommended.