Drug Test

What is drug testing?

Drug testing, also known as drug testing, is a procedure used to detect one or more illegal substances or prescription drugs by testing urine, blood, saliva, hair or sweat.

The detection of a drug in urine is the best known and most common test, however, there are other types of tests that are increasingly being performed such as drug detection in hair.

What does it consist of?

The drug test is usually performed using a urine sample. In this case, the specialist will give you some advice so that the sample comes out well and does not have to be repeated. Subsequently, it is taken to the laboratory for analysis and in a few days the patient will be able to know the results of the test.

In some cases it is possible that a person may be present while the sample is being taken.

The drug test is normally performed by urine sample.

Why is it performed?

These tests are performed on individuals in whom there is a suspicion that they have used drugs of any kind. The drugs or medications most often sought are:

  • Marijuana
  • Opiates
  • Amphetamines
  • Cocaine
  • Barbiturates such as phenobarbital and secobarbital
  • Phencyclidine
  • Steroids

Typically performed in settings such as the workplace, in sports organizations, for legal or forensic purposes, and to screen for opioid use in chronic pain patients.

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Preparing for the drug test

The type of preparation required for the test should be discussed with the specialist. Depending on the type of substance to be tested, it is possible that a few days before the test, the specialist may advise you to stop taking certain medications that may hinder the results.

Sometimes the test is conducted as part of research, so subject consent may be required, as well as sample handling and labeling.

What does the test feel like?

Depending on the type of test, the indications will differ. For the blood test, a slight prick from the needle is felt and some people may feel moderate pain. As for the urine test, you simply put the sample in a sterile container that will be examined in the laboratory.

What abnormal results mean

If the results are abnormal, it means that certain substances have been found in the body that are above the allowable limits. This will depend on the type of test performed. If there is a high level of alcohol or drugs in the blood, there may be an intoxication or overdose. In the case of the presence of drugs or pharmaceuticals, it is possible that there is an indication of drug addiction.

It is advisable to contact a specialist to help you overcome this phase.