Urological tumors are tumors affecting the kidneys, ureters, bladder and even the gonads.
In Medical Oncology, it is not possible to determine which type of tumor is the most harmful, since the degree of aggressiveness can be determined depending on the organ affected and the extension.
Until about 10 years ago, kidney cancer did not have a very effective treatment, but with the appearance of small molecules its response and prognosis has changed dramatically. The rest of the tumors are usually sensitive to chemotherapy treatments.
Symptoms of urological tumors
Bleeding in the urine is one of the main symptoms that indicate that there is a urological tumor, although it is very difficult to find a predominant symptom in this type of tumor. Other symptoms that may also occur are pain, weight loss or dysuria. In some cases, when the lung is involved, dyspnea is present.
Treatment of urological tumors
As in the great majority of cancers, the first and main treatment must be surgery, if it can be performed.
The use of chemotherapy and radiotherapy also play an important role in bladder cancer. In some cases, they are even the definitive treatment.
It should be noted that kidney cancer is treated completely differently from other types of tumors. In this case, targeted therapies such as sunitinib, pazopanib or others are used in different lines of treatment. It presents a marvelous response to immunotherapy treatments, a therapy that is constantly on the rise in modern oncology.