1.- What is diagnostic hysteroscopy?
2 .- What does it consist of?
3 .- Why is it performed?
4 .- Preparation for diagnostic hysteroscopy
5 .- What does it feel during the examination?
Meaning of abnormal results.
What is diagnostic hysteroscopy?
Diagnostic hysteroscopy is a medical technique that can treat most intracavitary uterine pathologies in a single procedure. It also allows direct visualization of the cervical canal and uterine cavity.
A hysteroscope is a key instrument for diagnosing possible gynecological
What does it consist of?
As a gynecological procedure, diagnostic hysteroscopy consists of inserting a hysteroscope (a small lens) through the cervix to clearly visualize the uterine cavity.
A camera can be attached to the hysteroscope to record images and thus facilitate uterine exploration.
Why is it performed?
Hysteroscopy is mainly performed to study the endometrium, both functionally and morphologically. It is a common process to treat various conditions such as alterations of the menstrual cycle, infertility, uterine septa, alterations such as polyps or hyperplasia, or to locate foreign bodies that may be found in the cavity.
Preparation for diagnostic hysteroscopy
Before proceeding to a diagnostic hysteroscopy it is advisable to do it when you do not have your menstrual period. If general anesthesia is used, it is advisable to fast during the 6 to 12 hours before the procedure.
Tampons, vaginal medications or vaginal douching should not be used 24 hours before the hysteroscopy. If you are pregnant, you should not have this test either, as it may be harmful to the fetus.
What does the test feel like?
The procedure is completely safe, although for a few days after the test there may be some bloody discharge or mild cramping. Serious complications, such as tears in the uterus or heavy bleeding, are very unusual.
Significance of abnormal results
If we were to find abnormal results these could be:
- Polyps, fibroids or abnormal tumors.
- Scar tissue in the uterus
- Fallopian tube openings are closed or obstructed.
- The shape or size of the uterus is not normal.