Infertility, known as a difficulty in conceiving a child, is more common than most people think. In fact, the existing modesty regarding this topic ends up creating a social ignorance that can affect psychologically the people who receive this diagnosis. This misinformation also means that many of these couples do not receive treatment or abandon it before becoming parents, when the real data show that seven out of ten infertile couples manage to conceive a child within five years, and the percentage increases if they resort to ovodonation.
Thus, if after a year of unprotected sexual intercourse pregnancy has not been achieved, it is recommended to go to a center specialized in Assisted Reproduction that has a multidisciplinary team of experts who can provide comprehensive advice. The Women’s Unit of the Ruber International Hospital has extensive experience in the study of both couples and infertility, as well as national and international recognition.
What causes infertility?
There are several causes of the disease, among which the following can be highlighted:
- In women
- Advanced age
- Fallopian tube disorders.
- Uterine or cervical abnormalities
- Ovulatory problems
- Uterine fibroids
- Chronic diseases, such as cancer, diabetes or asthma
- Use of substances such as anxiolytics or antidepressants.
- Early menopause
- In men
- Testicular problems
- Duct obstruction
- Prostate alterations
- Ejaculation difficulties
- Disorders in semen quantity or quality
At the same time, the disease may be present in both members of the couple, and sometimes the cause of infertility may not be found. This is why it is so important to have specialized advice to find out these causes, since only 6.36% of all couples who decide not to be treated will have a spontaneous pregnancy.
Can infertility be prevented?
This is not a simple answer, since infertility depends on the cause. However, there are certain factors that can help preserve fertility.
- Age: Female fertility decreases with age. At 35 years of age or older, it is recommended that a specialist be consulted in cases where unprotected intercourse has been going on for more than six months.
- Information is power: with a simple fertility study you can know the state of your ovarian reserve.
- Mens sana in corpore sano: healthy lifestyle habits influence fertility. Thus, maintaining a healthy weight, a stable and adequate BMI and a healthy and balanced diet, as well as avoiding the consumption of fats, alcohol or caffeine help.
In the same line, stress makes it more complicated to get pregnant, so practicing activities such as yoga or medication can be helpful.
- Pollution and environmental factors: exposure to certain substances, such as pesticides, herbicides, fuels, lead and a long etcetera can alter both egg and sperm quality.