Risky pregnancy: can it be avoided?

Dr. Hugo Benito talks about risky pregnancy and how it can be prevented. We speak of risk pregnancy when there is a pathology prior to pregnancy or when it develops during pregnancy. For example, a woman with arterial hypertension, diabetes, obesity, thyroid diseases, autoimmune diseases, uterine fibroids and in general any disease that compromises the general health of the mother-to-be is more prone to suffer a risk pregnancy. In the same way, during pregnancy, alterations can occur from the beginning of pregnancy, whether it is a single or multiple pregnancy, and in any trimester, turning a normal pregnancy into a pregnancy at risk.

How often should a pregnancy check-up be performed?

Pregnancy control is the care given to the pregnant woman to ensure the good progress of the pregnancy and the well-being of the mother and the fetus. Ideally, an obstetric consultation should be performed monthly, including both physical examination and laboratory tests to detect any changes that may endanger the “maternal-fetal” binomial. It is not acceptable that nowadays the advances in “Maternal-Fetal Medicine” are not used to prevent pre and postpartum complications. The care of both the fetus and the newborn is fundamental to guarantee the adequate health of the child and later of the adult.

What problems can arise?

Nowadays, thanks to a good pregnancy control it is possible to detect most of the problems of the fetus and its environment and prevent many of the diseases that can affect the mother during gestation. Pregnancy control makes it possible to identify any alteration or possible alteration of the mother or the fetus and to carry out the appropriate medical or surgical treatment. Before it was unthinkable that a fetus could be operated on in the mother’s womb, today it is possible. Thanks to the detection of fetal diseases that used to have a very poor prognosis, it is now possible to have difficult deliveries attended by specialists.