Many patients who smoke or have been smokers suffer the consequences of smoking on their teeth, affecting dental esthetics. However, it is not only a question of esthetics, since when a patient is comfortable with a healthy smile, his self-esteem and self-confidence increase, which positively affects his personal development.
Consequences of smoking on oral health
Tobacco has negative consequences on the whole organism but the effects on the dentition are very evident, especially in those who have been smoking for years. When the patient smokes, nicotine and tar come into contact with the teeth, causing stains and discoloration of the dentin, the visible part of the teeth.
The yellowish and brownish stains on the teeth caused by tobacco consumption over time are not easy to remove. However, they are not only stains but also affect the gums. Thus, the gum tissue can recede, since tobacco makes blood flow more difficult and the result is a vasoconstrictive effect, making the patient more prone to suffer periodontitis.
On the other hand, the fact that there is less blood flow also causes some simple wounds not to heal well, predisposing to infections. Likewise, the oral mucosa is altered by tobacco, in the same way that bacterial plaque is, favoring the development of ulcers and lesions. One of the most important lesions of the oral mucosa is leukoplakia or pre-cancer, which can be detected in periodic check-ups. It is therefore essential for patients who smoke to have frequent check-ups to prevent or detect early any anomaly caused by tobacco.
What treatments allow tobacco stains to be removed from teeth?
There are different treatments to remove tobacco stains from teeth, depending on the condition of the teeth. The treatments can be:
- Oral cleaning. Smokers should be aware of the negative effect this has on their health, especially in the mouth, so they should have regular check-ups that include oral cleanings. The frequency of check-ups should be controlled by a specialist in Dentistry and Stomatology, since each case will be different, with a different predisposition to suffer certain pathologies associated with tobacco consumption. Thus, one should try to keep the consequences of smoking under control by cleaning and maintaining the health of the teeth, removing tartar and plaque.
- Dental veneers. Veneers are the best solution in advanced cases in which the patient’s teeth are very stained by tobacco and no other treatment is effective. It consists of placing a very thin layer of composite or porcelain on the tooth. This will cover the visible part of the tooth, allowing the patient to have a beautiful and natural smile in a few sessions. There are 3 veneer systems at Institut Joan Autrán:
- Composite veneers Smile Design System
- Porcelain veneers
- Top Smile dental veneers
- Prevention of tobacco stains with regular check-ups and good oral habits, but also of all health in general: food, rest and physical activity.