Burns: surgery as treatment

After accidents related to burns, more or less severe, surgery allows the reconstruction of the skin through various techniques, to recover any type of tissue, from subtle peelings to even face and hand transplants.

Any burned patient is a candidate for scar improvement and reconstruction. Today, thanks to Plastic, Aesthetic and Reconstructive Surgery, a multitude of treatments can be applied, from merely aesthetic treatments such as peelings or laser, corrective surgeries such as facelifts, rhinoplasties, tissue expansion, lipofilling and stem cells to face and hand transplants.

Treatment of burns

A visit should be unhurried, with a thorough physical examination and an understanding of the patient’s problems and concerns. Following this visit, a master plan must be prepared, which will include a list of sequelae, both functional and cosmetic, an inventory of tissue donor sites for reconstruction and an order of priorities.

The entire spectrum of plastic and cosmetic surgery can be applied to burn reconstruction. This includes scar corrections, tissue expansion, microsurgery, grafts and flaps, cosmetic surgery (facelifts, rhinoplasties, mammoplasties, etc.), lipofilling (fat grafting), stem cell treatment and face and hand transplantation in very severe cases.

Recovery after treatment of burns

It depends on the number and severity of the sequelae. There are patients with minor sequelae that require one or two interventions, while others need many more. In severe sequelae (severe burns) it is not uncommon to have to perform dozens of interventions and extend the process for many months and from one to two years.

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After the interventions, healthy lifestyle habits should be followed, with balanced diets, protection of the operated area from trauma and no exposure to the sun. Healing creams, rosehip oils, silicone gel, etc. are indicated. Physical exercise is important, although always directed by the medical team. In addition, many sequelae have functional effects, so it is always necessary to follow an active and intensive rehabilitation process.