Infertility is a concern for many couples, so research is constantly being carried out to provide answers. The latest advances in this field refer more to diagnosis than to treatment. In recent years, fields such as “omics” have been developed, which refer to genomics, proteomics and metabolomics.
In this sense, genetics and biochemistry play a fundamental role, since the aim is to identify genes, proteins or metabolites that are involved in certain forms of sterility, both female (by studying oocytes and endometrium) and male (by analyzing spermatozoa).
Understanding the causes of sterility
In the not too distant future it will be possible to know the causes of many of the types of sterility that are still a mystery today, for example, why some sperm are not able to fertilize, techniques that allow us to select fertile sperm, or, in the case of women, when it is appropriate to select the most fertile sperm. For example, why some sperm are unable to fertilize, techniques that allow us to select fertile sperm, or, in the case of women, when it is appropriate to perform an embryo transfer according to the biochemical state of the endometrium, or which embryos are the most suitable for transfer.