Why do my ears ring frequently?

Tinnitus is a perception that our brain has of sounds that manifest themselves in the form of ringing. Dr. Martínez-Monche, an expert in Otorhinolaryngology, talks about the symptoms of tinnitus and its treatment.

What exactly are tinnitus and why does it occur?

Tinnitus is the perception by our central nervous system, that is, our brain, of a sound that does not really exist, it is a sound that our body makes, specifically, in most cases, the cochlea, which is a small snail that transforms the acoustic stimulus into electricity, well, when the cochlea malfunctions, it easily produces a noise that we pick up and this is tinnitus.

What are the symptoms of tinnitus?

Tinnitus manifests itself with ringing. The patient refers the presence of a noise inside him/her as a whistling or a kind of clicking, fading, which can be in one ear as well as in the other and many times it is also accompanied by a certain hearing loss called hypoacusis and discomfort when hearing certain sounds, which is hyperacusis or algiacusis.

How are tinnitus treated?

Tinnitus has different therapeutic modalities, it can be treated in different ways. The first thing we have to do is to understand what is the mechanism that has produced the tinnitus and then choose among the different therapeutic modalities that we have. They can be pharmacological as well as behavioral or psychological and a further step we can take is by means of radiofrequencies, by means of electrostimulation of the cochlea to set in motion those intrinsic mechanisms that the body has to reestablish, to restore its function.

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Is it possible to eliminate them forever?

Tinnitus is a pathology that is difficult to treat and until now it was difficult to reach stages of cure, of disappearance of the symptom. Today, thanks to advances in technology, medicine and both together, we can say that yes, tinnitus can be cured, it can be made to disappear or that the symptom ceases to be annoying and disabling for the patient.