Varicose veins are permanent dilatations that occur in the veins and that alter their functionality. They are usually red or bluish in color and there are several types depending on their size and the possible symptoms or complications they cause in the body if they are not treated.
What causes varicose veins?
Varicose veins are caused by a weakness in the valves and vein walls or vice versa that causes the veins to dilate permanently.
This weakness causes the blood, instead of traveling upward, to pool in the veins of the lower extremities, dilating them. However, the cause of the wall weakness or valvular defect is unknown.
Are some people more at risk of developing varicose veins than others?
Yes, varicose veins tend to be more common in women than in men. Although they are usually hereditary, women have factors that cause varicose veins to be more frequent in this gender.
Some of these are hormonal changes such as those produced during pregnancy. It also affects weight gain, being in the same position for a long time without moving, and living in very hot environments.
Do varicose veins hurt and do they have symptoms?
Yes, depending on the type and size of varicose veins, varicose veins have many negative consequences on the body, including leg pain.
They can cause pain, heaviness, tiredness, tingling and itching, both in the limb in which they are located, as well as in both. In addition, if they are not treated correctly, in the long term they can generate complications such as phlebitis, thrombophlebitis and/or skin ulcers.
What treatment options are available for them today, and what do they each consist of?
Currently there are many treatments to eliminate varicose veins that do not necessarily have to resort to surgery. One of them is cryosclerosis, which is a variant of sclerotherapy and consists of introducing a product inside the vein at a temperature close to forty degrees below zero, using cold to treat microvaricose veins.
Percutaneous laser, on the other hand, eliminates spider veins by means of laser energy through the skin. There are also other interventions such as radiofrequency ablative techniques, endolaser and water vapor among many others.
However, the most common treatment at Clínica FEMM is sclerotherapy, which consists of injecting a substance derived from a type of alcohol directly into the veins. In this way, we manage to irritate the cells that make up the inner layer of the varicose vein, inducing an internal inflammatory process that generates fibrosis and reabsorption of the treated blood vessel. It is performed on an outpatient basis, without anesthesia and without cuts or wounds.
Within this option, there are two types; liquid sclerotherapy eliminates telangiectasias or spider veins, which usually produce only aesthetic problems, since they are very small varicose veins. The second type uses microfoam as a substance, and is usually very effective against reticular or larger varicose veins. Its results on the skin appear quickly. Both are very non-aggressive.
Each patient has different conditions and types of varicose veins, so the specialist should recommend a procedure according to your personal characteristics. At FEMM, we create a personalized treatment for each person, which eliminates the varicose veins you have in a satisfactory way. For more information about varicose veins, consult with a specialist in Aesthetic Medicine.