The gastroileal bypass is an ideal technique to regulate the metabolism, so it is equally useful to treat obesity and type 2 diabetes associated with overweight. With this intervention, we measure the amount of intestine that each patient needs to stay healthy by losing excess weight and solving associated pathologies such as type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol and triglycerides (dyslipidemia), high blood pressure, sleep apnea, among others.
What does the gastroileal bypass consist of?
The gastroileal bypass is adapted to the needs of each patient. The food is diverted so that it does not travel through the whole intestine but through the part that is needed in each person. As the food does not go through the whole intestine, less is absorbed, part of the calories we eat are eliminated in the stool and therefore weight is lost. By absorbing less sugar, diabetes is solved, by absorbing less fat, cholesterol and triglycerides are eliminated, by absorbing less fat and sugar, weight is lost, thus decreasing insulin resistance; but also improves breathing disappearing sleep apnea and improves mobility decreasing joint problems and so on with each of the associated problems.
Advantages of the gastroileal bypass
For specialists in General Surgery and experts in bariatric surgery is the simplest, fastest, safest and best recovery technique that currently exists. The operation time is 30 minutes, with less risk than a gallbladder surgery and with a hospital stay of less than 48 hours.
The technique can be adapted to each patient and since nothing is removed, the operation is 100% reversible and readaptable to the patient’s needs that may arise in the future.
The stomach and intestine that we leave behind allow the patient to eat normally, both in quantity and type of food. This means that the operated patients will be able to eat first course, second course and dessert, with common sense. Logically, although we can eat freely, we should not make continuous excesses, we should eat moderately. The vast majority of the other techniques reduce the stomach a lot and only allow us to eat the volume of a yogurt. Eating normally gives much satisfaction to the patients.
Gastroileal bypass results
Weight loss begins to show during the first week. At the beginning, when there is more weight, more is lost and little by little less is lost until it stabilizes. When there is less weight left, less weight is lost. In the first month you usually lose 10 kg.
The metabolic effects, depending on what we absorb, are immediate. Cholesterol, triglyceride and sugar pills are stopped from the first day. If the patient uses insulin or a lot of diabetes medication, they are stopped gradually. The same goes for blood pressure medication or other problems that depend on weight loss.