The main cause of morbid obesity is sedentary lifestyles

Morbid obesity is a disease that occurs when a person’s Body Mass Index (BMI) is greater than 40. In general surgery, we speak of morbid obesity when the weight reached is such that it diminishes the patient’s quality of life, entailing a risk for his survival.

This disease is related to other pathologies such as: arterial hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, hyperuricemia, heart failure, respiratory failure, Picwick syndrome, sleep-apnea syndrome, venous insufficiency, varicose veins, joint insufficiency, arthrosis, depression, alteration of self-esteem, social and sexual relations, and even some cancers such as breast, colon, etc.

Causes of morbid obesity

The main cause of morbid obesity is a sedentary lifestyle, which translates into an intake of calories that exceeds the energy expenditure we make, added to a tendency of some people to put on weight.

Consequences of morbid obesity

The consequences of this disease are, apart from the physical and aesthetic limitations it entails, other serious associated diseases already mentioned, which limit the quality of life and survival.

Bariatric surgery

Bariatric surgery, also known as obesity or metabolic surgery, is the best treatment for morbid obesity. It is indicated for patients with a BMI greater than 40kg/m2 or with a BMI greater than 35 but with associated pathologies. Since some time ago, this surgery is also performed in people with type 2 diabetes and overweight; in this case they can be operated from 15kg overweight.

This technique involves weight loss, which causes changes in metabolism within the body. The patient will resolve or improve his or her diabetes, normalize high cholesterol or triglycerides, improve arterial hypertension, disappear sleep apnea syndrome and other respiratory problems, among others.

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This treatment means a significant improvement in the patient’s quality of life, understood as the increase and greater satisfaction in physical, work, psychological, social and sexual activity, where personal and aesthetic self-esteem is fully involved.