Periodontitis is the oral disease that severely affects the gums and can change their color, consistency and shape and even cause the loss of teeth. The recommended treatment will depend on the severity of the case and the evolution of the patient.
Predisposition to suffer periodontitis problems
Periodontitis is a disease that certain patients are more predisposed to suffer from. It depends on several factors such as genetics, saliva composition, oral hygiene, tobacco consumption, diabetes, etc.
Thus, for example, a diabetic patient will always be more prone to suffer from this disease than a non-diabetic patient, so patients with these risk factors should have better oral care.
Symptoms and course of Periodontitis
The main symptoms of periodontal disease are changes in the gum that affect its color, consistency and shape, as well as the loss of the bone surrounding the tooth, which can cause the tooth to become mobile and, in some cases, the loss of teeth.
Difference between Periodontitis and Gingivitis
Gingivitis occurs mainly in the early stages of periodontal disease and is characterized by inflammation of the gums, accompanied by bleeding.
In the case of periodontitis, in addition, there is a loss of the supporting structures surrounding the tooth, resulting in tooth mobility and subsequent tooth loss.
Periodontal treatment: what it consists of
Depending on the stage of the disease in which the patient is, the treatment may vary. Thus, it will go from removing the plaque or tartar that causes this pathology to periodontal surgeries to clean the roots of the teeth and, in some cases, regenerate the bone lost due to the disease.
Periodontal treatment sessions
The basic periodontal treatment consists of between two and four sessions, depending on the patient and the recommendations of the expert in Dentistry and Stomatology.
The post-treatment sessions will depend on each patient and the evolution of the treatment.