Facial pain is a very common ailment, which is often caused by headaches and injuries. It can also be due to dental and jaw problems and infections that can be solved by orthodontics, such as the Invisalign technique.
Facial pain, a multiple-cause pathology
There are many types of headaches that can lead to acute facial pain, which in many cases are difficult to diagnose. Symptoms of facial pain are often related to current or past injuries, especially those that damage the nerves of the face, such as cuts or severe trauma.
Facial pain may occur in the specific affected area of the face or it may originate from another point, moving towards the focus of the pain. Depending on the cause of origin, up to four types of facial pain can be differentiated:
- Dental: directly caused by problems in our teeth and gums, such as cavities or gingivitis.
- Temporomandibular joint (TMJ): Facial pain linked to the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and jaw muscles.
- Vascular: pain due to circulatory, blood vessel and blood flow problems.
- Neuralgia: problems related to conditions of the nerves located in the facial area.
Treatment of facial pain due to dental problems
The dental specialist can diagnose and treat a dental abscess, which is a collection of pus produced when bacteria infect the soft tissue of a tooth. These infections occur when tooth decay or injury to the tooth allows bacteria to enter the tooth. Symptoms usually include fever, swelling and redness, unpleasant odor or taste, and tooth mobility.
Temporomandibular Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Facial Pain
The TMJ is the joint that connects the jaw to the skull. Thus, TMJ disorders refer to pathologies or conditions that cause pain and mobility problems in the jaw joint and its muscles. According to data from the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, more than 10 million people in the United States have a TMJ disorder: these are very common problems that can be solved with invisible orthodontics.