A cavity is a lesion on the surface of the tooth that eventually cavitates and destroys the tooth structure.
Cavities are caused by bacteria that live inside our mouth and that transform the remains of the food we eat into powerful acids that slowly decalcify the tooth and can even destroy it.
If cavities are not treated they could grow and affect the dental pulp, causing an infection and intense pain.
How to prevent cavities
Cavities can be prevented by having a very good hygiene after each intake of food. In addition, it is necessary to maintain a diet that avoids foods rich in sugars and difficult to remove from the teeth.
As for toothpaste, the incorporation of fluoride was done because of its properties on the enamel surface, as it hardens and strengthens it against caries acids. Of course, it is important for dental professionals to check that everything is being done correctly and to teach us how to control the risk of caries.
Diagnosis and treatment of caries
The most important diagnosis is visual tactile; see the possible lesions and try to differentiate them. X-rays can be taken to find cavities between the teeth. In addition, electronic or chemical caries detectors are available, although they do not work as well as the other two methods.