There are patients who are missing bone in the area of the teeth, either in the mandible or in the maxilla. In most cases, this bone loss is caused by tooth extraction. However, it can also occur for other reasons, such as trauma or periodontitis.
When the bone stops performing one of its usual tasks, such as chewing, it begins a process of resorption that leads to a reduction in size.
Patients with little bone: treatment
In this situation it is very important that specialists rehabilitate the patient’s mouth before atrophy occurs and a more complex surgical intervention becomes necessary.
When a situation of bone loss occurs, it is necessary to perform bone regeneration techniques on the patient in order to place dental implants and replace the masticatory function and esthetics.
Bone regeneration techniques
Bone regeneration techniques are characterized by being simple interventions. One of the most frequently performed is the so-called sinus lift, in which the position of the sinus membrane or Schneider’s membrane is detached and elevated.
Subsequently, the free space is filled with artificial bone combined with platelet-enriched plasma and the patient’s own growth factors. In this way, sufficient height, strength and solidity are restored so that the dental implant can be efficiently placed.
This bone regeneration procedure requires a period of maturation and consolidation after the intervention. When the new bone is already consolidated, the surgeon performs a CT scan to analyze the bone measurements, making sure that they meet the necessary requirements to place the dental implant.