Endodontics is the part of dentistry that studies diseases of the dental pulp, which is the innermost part of the tooth, made up of soft tissue, nerves and blood vessels, as well as their treatment.
Symptoms and causes of endodontics
Endodontics can be performed in those patients who present the following symptoms:
– Pain in the teeth while biting or chewing.
– Hypersensitivity in the teeth with hot or cold foods or drinks that do not disappear once the stimulus is removed.
– Nocturnal pain that is capable of waking us up.
And it is practiced when there is the presence of:
– Deep cavities that affect the dental nerve.
– Fillings too deep that can cause inflammation of the dental nerve.
– Dental trauma and occlusal trauma.
– Periodontal disease.
– Due to prosthetic requirements, especially in extracted teeth.
What does endodontic treatment consist of?
Endodontic treatment consists of the care of the root canals, through which the dental pulp passes, by means of a correct instrumentation, cleaning and obturation of the root canals.
During the treatment, local anesthesia is applied to the area to be treated and then the crown of the tooth is drilled to access the dental pulp and extract it to clean the canal, before carrying out the filling and sealing of the crown with specific materials.
In most cases, endodontic treatments can be performed on a single occasion, although this may vary depending on the severity of the patient’s situation and the difficulty involved in performing them.
Prevention of a root canal
Like any other pathology, endodontics can be prevented through good oral hygiene habits, together with preventive dentistry that avoids that, for example, small cavities, which can be solved with a simple filling, over time end up affecting the dental nerve.