Bone reconstruction is the technique of Buccofacial Surgery used to reconstruct bone defects, such as lack of bone or creation with bone grafts, in places where previously there was none and which is necessary for the buccofacial rehabilitation or for the insertion of dental implants.
It is performed when there is not enough bone tissue in the area where dental implants need to be placed or in areas that may compromise the patient’s esthetics.
It can also be used for the treatment of periodontal disease in advanced cases.
Bone reconstruction techniques
There are multiple techniques, from bone grafts from the patient himself, those combined with other biomaterials or the use of biomaterials alone that promote and facilitate bone growth.
The application of Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) plays an important role in these cases and the use of occlusive membranes is fundamental.
On the other hand, the use of lactic acid polymers (polylactates) is playing an increasingly important role, both in their use with biomaterials or as barriers for large grafts.
The technique must be performed by specialists and must be assessed for each individual patient; in large cases, general anesthesia may be used, although this is not the norm.
The technique can be performed at the same time as the implants are inserted, or in a deferred manner.
Postoperative period of bone reconstruction
The postoperative period is usually good, without pain but with variable degree of inflammation depending on the extension of the graft.
In any case, this can be controlled pharmacologically and recovery is rapid.