Immediate load implant: what it is and how it is performed

What does immediate load implant mean?

An immediate load implant is one in which the prosthesis is placed in the same act of surgery or at most 4 days later. This type of intervention is usually considered in situations of high esthetic demand or complete arch replacements, that is to say, all the teeth of the upper or lower part.

How is an immediate load implant performed?

The first thing, as in all treatments, is to take a complete clinical history of the patient. An assessment is made of the condition of the tooth for which the patient is consulting and whether it is still viable to keep it. Subsequently, X-rays and CT scans are taken to confirm the diagnosis we have seen in the office and finally the treatment is planned by selecting the model and size of implant that best fits the space we have. The surgical procedure is the same as that of a conventional implant, but it is usually accompanied by grafts that will improve the tissue conditions for the final prosthesis.

Can anyone have an immediate load implant?

In principle yes. They must meet certain health criteria collected in the clinical history, such as not suffering from systemic diseases such as diabetes or have them under control, absence of periodontal disease or control it with the relevant treatments, and not suffering from an acute infection of the tooth to be extracted at that moment. If any of this occurs, the first thing to do is to control the factors that can cause our implant to fail and then begin the process of replacing the lost tooth.

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What are the advantages of immediate load implants?

This is the magic of dentistry today. The patient arrives with a hopeless tooth with no possibility of treatment to keep it in the mouth and in the same session we perform the exodontia, the placement of the implant and the placement of an esthetic provisional tooth with which the patient can live a completely normal life. The patient has to be aware that the implant has just been placed and has a healing and integration time, so he/she must follow the recommendations of his/her dentist to the letter.