How is Type 1 Diabetes diagnosed?
The clinical manifestations of Type 1 diabetes start a month ago with the symptoms and signs that I call pes: polyurea, polydipsia, polyphagia and weight loss, that is, they urinate a lot, they get up at night when previously they did not, and they are losing weight without knowing why. They go to the doctor, a blood glucose test is done and they see that it is very high. That is the most common way to diagnose type 1 diabetes.
Can it be prevented?
Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented. All attempts have been unsuccessful. Even if you are genetically predisposed, what triggers the immune system, whether it is toxins or viruses, is not exactly known and cannot be stopped.
Should insulin be taken for life?
Insulin is not taken, it is injected, and today there is no other way to treat type 1 diabetes than with injected insulin for life. Another thing is that the forms of administration are improving in a patent way. Insulin pumps are already the order of the day and are a common form of treatment.
What care should be taken on a daily basis?
The person with type 1 diabetes must take into account what he eats, what he injects, depending on his physical activity and what he is going to do during the day. They must have a very advanced education so that their control is excellent.
What types of insulin are there?
Well, there are two types of insulin, fast and slow. The slow one is to counteract the basal metabolism, the energy we need even if we are asleep. And the fast insulin is the one needed before each meal. That is why people are usually on one or two doses of slow insulin and at least three doses of rapid insulin, before breakfast, lunch and dinner.
What is the difference between injecting insulin in a child or an adult?
The difference between injecting insulin into a child or an adult is given by the adipose panniculus, depending on whether it is smaller or larger. There are 4mm needles and 9mm needles. The inclination of the needle is also important. It can be perpendicular or, in those people who are very thin, whether they are children or adults, oblique so that we do not prick the muscle. But there are no other differences.