Who are patients with disabilities?
Patients with disabilities are those who have a physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairment. The International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, adopted by the UN in 2006, generically defines those who have one or more disabilities as persons with disabilities. In general, a disability is a limitation of some functions that may interfere with a person’s ability to walk, hear, see, speak or learn, with different effects on each individual.
What are the subdivisions of disability?
It is possible to divide people with disabilities into four basic categories:
- People with sensory disabilities: refers to the senses of sight, hearing, touch, taste, and smell.
- People with motor disabilities: refers to the motility and efficiency of the organs of the body parts responsible for movement.
- People with intellectual disabilities: refers to specific learning disorders, mental impairments and intellectual abilities that can occur through IQ.
- Persons with mental disabilities: refers to psychosis (psychic and relational problems) and severe and disabling neuroses (psychological problems) In addition, depending on the disability, European laws grant concessions in both private and work settings.