Vomiting

What is vomiting?

Vomiting involves the “regurgitation” of stomach contents, as well as being a symptom of a wide range of diseases, rather than a condition in itself.

What are the causes of vomiting?

There are many conditions that can cause vomiting and, therefore, it can be difficult to know for sure what it is due to. Usually in children, vomiting is a reaction caused by motion sickness, overfeeding, milk allergy, food poisoning or viral infection. If vomiting occurs after a meal, this could be the result of food poisoning, gastritis or a gastric ulcer. In addition, vomiting occurs in 25-55% of pregnant women as part of morning sickness.

Other factors that can cause vomiting include:

  • Gallbladder disease.
  • Severe pain.
  • Drugs.
  • Conclusion.
  • Excessive alcohol consumption.
  • Brain tumor.
  • Norovirus.
  • Migraine.
  • Urinary tract infection.

How long does vomiting last?

Vomiting should not last more than 1-2 days and is usually harmless. It is important to see your family doctor if symptoms are still present after 2 days.

You should also see your doctor if:

  • Fluids cannot be retained.
  • Vomit appears green or yellow.
  • You are still dehydrated after using oral rehydration sachets.

How can vomiting be prevented?

You can reduce your chances of feeling sick by eating smaller meals throughout the day instead of large meals, eating slowly and keeping your head up after eating.

If you already feel nauseated, it may be helpful to rest sitting down and drink small amounts of fluids, avoiding juices with citric acid, such as orange juice.

See also  Children's Orthopedics

Treatments to prevent vomiting

You can do many things independently to treat vomiting and make sure you stay hydrated. It is important:

  • Get plenty of rest.
  • Drink water or squeeze small sips if necessary.
  • Eat when you feel able to.
  • Avoid fruit juices or carbonated beverages.
  • It may also be helpful to take a pain reliever, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen.

If you continue to vomit after 24 hours, a pharmacist may recommend oral rehydration sachets to mix with water. Your family physician may also prescribe medication if vomiting is associated with pregnancy or motion sickness.