Sexual Dysfunction

What is sexual dysfunction?

Sexual dysfunction is a disorder that makes it difficult or impossible to maintain satisfactory sexual relations. This occurs during any stage of sexual intercourse (desire, arousal, orgasm and resolution).

This type of dysfunction affects both men and women, who may experience an aversion or rejection of sexual contact, although it affects each gender differently. The most frequent types of sexual problems in men are: erectile dysfunction, which is the inability to achieve or maintain a sufficient erection; sexual impotence, the inability to maintain an erection sufficient to sustain intercourse in at least 25% of attempts; or ejaculatory dysfunction, which occurs when semen cannot be released during orgasm.

Symptoms of sexual dysfunction

Symptoms of sexual dysfunction can be several:

  • Premature ejaculation
  • Vaginismus
  • Anorgasmia
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Sexually transmitted diseases
  • Pain in the vulva or vagina during sexual intercourse
  • Inhibited sexual desire
  • Sexual dissatisfaction

Sexual dysfunctions affect both men and women.

Diagnosis of sexual disorders

The diagnosis of sexual disorders changes according to the type of disorder itself: in some cases, in fact, a gynecological or andrological examination is necessary and in others, it is necessary to start a psychological program.

What are the causes of sexual dysfunction?

The causes of sexual dysfunction in men can be diseases (diabetes, hormonal problems, depression…) or consumption of certain drugs or substances, among others. In contrast, sexual dysfunction in women may manifest as low sexual desire, pain or difficulty becoming aroused or reaching orgasm.

See also  Pelvis fracture

These disorders may also be due to various psychological or physical problems such as stress, infections or vaginismus.

Can it be prevented?

There are no specific ways to prevent sexual dysfunction. However, losing weight, quitting smoking or getting enough sleep can help with well-being and interest in sex.

Treatments for sexual disorders

As with diagnosis, treatment of sexual disorders varies according to their nature. For example, in the case of erectile dysfunction, an andrologist should be consulted to understand whether it is caused by a physical or psychological pathology, while in the case of vaginismus, psychosexual programs may be initiated or surgery may be considered.

Which specialist should be consulted?

In case of sexual disorders, specialists in Psychology, Gynecology, Andrology, Urology or Psychiatry should be consulted.