Hyperandrogenism

What is hyperandrogenism?

Androgenism, or hyperandrogenism, is a disorder characterized by an excessive presence of androgens in women. Androgens are male sex hormones (testosterone, androsterone, androstenedione).

What are the symptoms of hyperandrogenism?

When present in excess in women, it causes the development of certain male characteristics or body changes: increased hair growth (hirsutism), alopecia, acne or seborrhea, menstrual cycle disorders, elimination of ovulation, deep voice, among others.

What are the causes of hyperandrogenism?

The main causes of this disorder are: polycystic ovary syndrome, a malfunction of the adrenal gland, the lack of an enzyme during pregnancy (placental aromatase, when the disorder is of gestational origin), or the administration of some drugs.

Can hyperandrogenism be prevented?

There is no specific way to prevent it, but it is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle in terms of diet and exercise, as well as to regularly check your weight, glucose and lipid levels and blood pressure, in order to prevent future complications.

What is the treatment of hyperandrogenism?

The treatment of this pathology depends on the cause that originates it. Generally, drugs such as glucocorticoids, contraceptive pills or anti-androgens are used, as well as changes in eating habits and daily life to lose weight.

See also  Osteogenesis imperfecta