Pulmonary tuberculosis

What is pulmonary tuberculosis?

Pulmonary tuberculosis is a bacterial infection that affects the lungs and can spread to other organs. The bacterium is easily spread from one affected individual to another. Methods of spread may be by inhaling water droplets after an infected person coughs or sneezes.

Symptoms of pulmonary tuberculosis

As for the symptoms of pulmonary tuberculosis, there are many problems: shortness of breath, chest pain, coughing up mucus, coughing up blood, excessive sweating, especially at night, fatigue, fever, weight loss and wheezing. These symptoms will vary depending on the area of the body where the bacteria multiply. In the case of pulmonary tuberculosis, the affected area is the lungs, therefore the symptoms will be generated in that area.

Symptoms may vary depending on the area infected by the bacteria.

Causes of pulmonary tuberculosis

The main cause of pulmonary tuberculosis is the inhalation, by a healthy person, of tiny saliva droplets from an infected person when coughing or sneezing. These particles reach the deepest areas of the lung of the healthy person and generate the disease of pulmonary tuberculosis.

Other conditioning factors are closed, poorly ventilated places, where these bacteria accumulate in the environment, concentrate and facilitate their inhalation. Thus, in areas of the planet where poverty or overcrowding predominate, there are more registered cases of pulmonary tuberculosis.

Can it be prevented?

The skin test is performed to find out whether or not you have the pulmonary tuberculosis bacteria. This test should be performed as soon as possible in order to prevent infection. Even if the test result is positive, it does not mean that you are a carrier of the disease. A specialist should always be consulted to find out the exact state of the bacteria in the individual’s organism.

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What is the treatment?

The cure of the disease is the ultimate goal of the treatment, for which different medications are used for a long time. Medical examinations performed at the beginning of the detection of the disease, reveal what type of medication should be taken. The deadlines and the intake of pills must be perfectly respected, because if they are not respected, the infection can acquire resistance to the drugs and complicate their elimination from the organism. In any case, the completion of treatment will depend on your specialist.