- What is mononucleosis?
- Prognosis of the disease
- Symptoms of mono
- Medical tests for mono
- What causes mononucleosis?
- Can it be prevented?
- Treatments for mono
- What specialist treats it?
What is mononucleosis?
Mononucleosis is a viral disease transmitted through saliva. This pathology usually affects adolescents.
Prognosis of the disease
Mononucleosis is not a serious disease. It is easily cured with medication and rest.
Symptoms of mononucleosis
The main symptoms of mononucleosis are:
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Sore throat
- Swollen spleen
Medical tests for mono
There are two tests for mononucleosis:
- Blood tests, which show the level of white blood cells and lymphocytes.
- Serological study, which is more specific, to detect the presence of specific antibodies for mononucleosis.
What are the causes of mononucleosis?
Mononucleosis is transmitted through oral secretions, i.e. saliva, sneezing or coughing, but also by sharing cutlery or drinks.
Can it be prevented?
To prevent the onset of mononucleosis, it is necessary to maintain good hygiene and wash hands frequently. It is also necessary to avoid sharing utensils with infected persons in order not to exchange oral secretions.
Treatments for mononucleosis
There is no specific treatment to treat mononucleosis, but the symptoms are fought. Sleep and rest are recommended to allow the body to rest. Anti-fever medications are also applied.
What specialist treats it?
The specialist who treats mono is the primary care physician and infectious disease experts.