What is endometrial polyp?
Endometrial polyp is a deformity that occurs in the uterine cavity. The endometrium is the lining of the inner part of the womb (uterus). Overgrowth of the endometrium can create polyps. Endometrial polyps can be of different shapes and sizes. They are slow growing but can sometimes occupy the entire endometrial cavity.
What are the symptoms?
Endometrial polyps are painless and usually do not cause problems. It appears mainly in women who are in menopause. The warning signs are:
- Vaginal bleeding during or after menopause.
- Excessive menstrual bleeding
- Heavy or longer than usual menstrual periods
- Cramping during or between periods
- Problems getting pregnant
- Menstrual bleeding that is not regular or predictable
- Bleeding between periods
Causes of endometrial polyp or why it occurs
The exact cause of why a woman gets endometrial polyps is not known. They tend to grow when there is more estrogen hormone in the body.
Can it be prevented?
There is no way to prevent endometrial polyps.
What is the treatment?
Treatment or surgery for endometrial polyps almost always requires their removal. The endometrial polyp operation is performed by hysteroscopy.