What is rosacea?

Rosacea is a facial inflammatory disorder that causes rash, couperose, telangiectasias, burning sensation, pustules and pimples on the skin of the cheekbones, nose, chin and forehead.

It is a chronic pathology that appears more frequently in middle-aged people and to varying degrees.

What are the symptoms?

Rosacea is a pathology with multiple symptoms among which stand out frequent reddening of the face, burning or slight swelling, continuous reddening together with the appearance of pimples on the skin, even with pus.

Also thin reddish lines under the skin due to enlarged blood vessels under the skin. In addition, they can affect other parts of the face such as eyes, eyelids or nose with their inflammation.

Harder than normal skin on the forehead, chin, cheeks or other areas is also a symptom of rosacea.

Causes of rosacea or why it occurs

The cause of rosacea is unknown, but there are several factors that promote its development or worsen it, such as skin type, genetic inheritance, hormonal changes, diet, sudden changes in temperature, sun exposure, wind, stress, or certain medications.

Other factors are the practice of intense sports, menopause, excessive alcohol consumption or eating hot or spicy foods and beverages.

Can it be prevented?

Rosacea is not a pathology that can be prevented, even though the symptoms can be alleviated or the level of affectation can be reduced.

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The main action is to identify the triggers in order to avoid them: start early treatment, maintain good skin hydration, avoid products that irritate the skin, use creams that protect against the sun’s rays, use make-up that is appropriate for our skin type and use shampoos and gels that are not too aggressive to avoid further irritation.

What does the treatment consist of?

Although there is no method to cure it, the symptoms can be softened.

Depending on the patient, the treatment to control this skin disorder may be based on minimizing the causes by means of drugs such as antibiotics and tetracycline derivatives, topical preparations, laser therapy or intense pulsed light.

In severe cases, the laser technique can help reduce redness or in the case of a swollen nose, surgery can contribute to an improvement in appearance by removing the affected tissue.